The Five Mother Sauces of French Cuisine
King of Chefs and Chef of Kings, Auguste Escoffier, left an enduring culinary legacy when he devised the five mother sauces. For any culinary artist, mastering the five mother sauces is a fundamental skill that will open up a wealth of culinary options. Mother sauces are the cornerstone of traditional French cuisine and the terminus a quo for other classic — daughter — sauces, hence the name. Each of the five is like the head of its one-of-a-kind family.
The five mother sauces include velouté, bechamel, tomato, hollandaise, and espagnole. Scroll below to learn how to make each of them at home.
- 2 tbsp unsalted butter
- 1 ½ oz (45 g) all-purpose flour
- 4 cups chicken broth
- Start by melting butter in a saucepan and then stirring in sifted flour and cooking for one minute.
- Next, slowly pour in chicken stock, whisk to combine, and bring to a boil before reducing the heat. Cook for 10 minutes, occasionally stirring, until the sauce has a consistency like that of heavy cream.
- 3 tbsp unsalted butter
- ¼ cup finely chopped onion
- 1 oz (30 g) all-purpose flour
- ½ tsp coarse salt
- 4 cups whole milk
- To begin with, melt butter in a saucepan. Add finely chopped onion and cook until tender (approximately 6 minutes).
- Next, add flour and salt and cook, stirring periodically, until pale golden (approximately 5 minutes). The consistency should be like that of cooked oatmeal.
- Whisking continually, pour in milk in portions and continue whisking until smooth.
- Cook the mixture, stirring steadily, along the bottom of the saucepan, until boiling (approximately 7 minutes) before reducing heat to a minimum.
- Simmer, occasionally stirring, until the sauce thickens (approximately 10 minutes).
- 1 tbsp olive oil
- 1 onion
- 2 cloves garlic
- 2 cans whole tomatoes in juice
- ¼ tsp dried oregano
- coarse salt, ground black pepper to taste
- Cook diced onion and crushed garlic in a saucepan with olive over medium heat until translucent (approximately 3 minutes).
- Add tomatoes and dried oregano and simmer, occasionally stirring, until thickened (approximately 25 minutes).
- Season the sauce with salt and ground black pepper.
- 12 tbsp unsalted butter
- 3 egg yolks
- 2 tbsp lemon juice
- ½ tsp coarse salt
- ¼ cup boiling water
- a pinch of cayenne pepper
- As with the other sauces, start by melting butter in a saucepan. Set aside.
- Place egg yolks in a heatproof bowl and whisk until pale. Add a tablespoon of freshly-squeezed lemon juice and salt, and whisk until combined.
- Gradually add ¼ cup boiling water, whisking constantly.
- Place the bowl over a medium saucepan containing roughly two inches of boiling water, and reduce heat to a minimum.
- Whisking constantly, cook until the mixture starts to hold its shape. Remove from heat.
- Whisking steadily, add the warm melted butter to the yolk mixture, a drop at a time. After you have used about a tablespoon, you can start adding it slightly faster, still whisking constantly. If you add the butter too quickly, the emulsion will turn out too thin.
- Add the remaining tablespoon of lemon juice and cayenne pepper. If the sauce is too thick, you can use lemon juice or water to thin it. Use immediately.
- 1 carrot
- 1 onion
- 4 tbsp unsalted butter
- 1 oz (30 g) all-purpose flour
- 4 cups veal broth
- ¼ cup tomato purée
- 2 garlic cloves
- 1 celery rib
- ½ tsp black peppercorns
- bay leaf to taste
- Cook coarsely chopped carrot and onion in butter until golden (approximately 8 minutes).
- Add flour and continue to cook over moderately low heat, continuously stirring, until medium brown (up to 10 minutes).
- Add hot stock, continuously whisking, to prevent lumps. Next, add tomato purée, coarsely chopped garlic and celery, peppercorns, and bay leaf and bring to a boil, stirring.
- Reduce the heat and continue to cook at a simmer, uncovered, occasionally stirring, until reduced to roughly 3 cups (approximately 45 minutes).
- Pass the sauce through a sieve.
These five mother sauces of French cuisine form the basis for future flavor variations and recipes. For example, you can make exquisite, hearty eggs Benedict with the mouth-watering hollandaise sauce or use the tomato sauce to prepare a never-fail ravioli lasagna. Your options are infinite!
34 Comments Hide Comments
Hey would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with?
I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot
faster then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at
a fair price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!
Hi there everyone, it’s my first visit at this web page, and post is really fruitful for me, keep up posting
these types of articles.
Thanks for the helpful posting. It is also my opinion that mesothelioma has an very long latency time period, which means that signs and symptoms of the disease might not exactly emerge right until 30 to 50 years after the preliminary exposure to asbestos fiber. Pleural mesothelioma, which can be the most common kind and has effects on the area round the lungs, might result in shortness of breath, upper body pains, and a persistent cough, which may result in coughing up bloodstream.
Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I am hoping to offer something again and help others such as you aided me.
For 20 years, we have traveled the world with you, masking over 9 billion miles together.
What i don’t understood is if truth be told how you are now not really much more well-appreciated than you might be right now. You’re so intelligent. You understand thus significantly in the case of this topic, made me for my part imagine it from so many numerous angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be involved except it?s one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs nice. All the time maintain it up!
It?s actually a nice and helpful piece of information. I?m glad that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.